Amethyst is part of the quartz family, and is a very beautiful stone. Its color can range from a pale lilac to vibrant violets and rich purples, and it can contain flashes of red or rose. It mostly appears as translucent or transparent. It is rated as a 7 on the Moh’s scale, as it is a relatively hard crystal. Mulloys Fine Jewelry carries a wide variety of Amethyst jewelry. One of our most popular designers, Marco Bicego, creates many of it’s pieces using a variety of gemstones, including Amethyst in the Paradise Collection. Amethyst gets its name from the Greek word ‘amethystos’, meaning ‘not intoxicated’. The ancient Greeks believed that drinking vessels made from amethyst would protect the drinker from becoming drunk. Amethyst was often made into amulets, sculptures, and adorned drinking cups, as well as being set into jewelry. Amethyst works can be found dating back to the ancient Egyptians and medieval Europeans.
Amethyst can be found in a number of places in the world today, with large amounts coming from Brazil, Madagascar and Zambia. Mulloysfinejewelry.com carries Roberto Coin Jewelry, and features their Ipanema collection, which showcases a variety of Amethyst jewelry in superior color and shapes. Amethysts can also be found in the United States, Australia, Kenya, Russia, Bolivia, Uruguay, Sri Lanka and South Korea. Questions about Amethysts’ quality and color can be addressed by a Mulloysjewelry.com Graduate Gemologist staff member.
Aquamarine is part of the beryl family, and is identified by its coloring, which can range from pastel blue to a pale bluish-green. The serene blues of aquamarine make it a popular stone, and it is famous for its calming effect. It has a Moh’s hardness rating of 7.5-8, making it a hard gemstone. Mulloysjewelry.com carries many different designers who feature Aquamarines in their designs. One popular designer, Konstentino, a Greek made line of designer jewelry is often fashioned with Aquamarines, and Mulloysfinejewelry.com carries their full line. Konstantino jewelry from Greece is known throughout the world for its unique designs and remarkable artisanship.
The name aquamarine is derived from the latin words for ‘water of the sea’. This is due to its vibrant blue color. Most of the aquamarine available in the past came from Brazil, but more recently it has been discovered in America, Russia, and several African nations, including Mozambique. Mulloysjewelry.com knowledgeable Graduate Gemologists are always available to answer any questions about Aquamarines.
Jewelry designers today love its glowing translucent tones and its availability in a wide range of colors and shapes, including carvings. Varieties of chalcedony show an amazing variety of colors and patterns. . One popular designer, Konstentino, a Greek made line of designer jewelry is often fashioned with Chalcedony, and Mulloysfinejewelry.com carries their full line. Konstantino jewelry from Greece is known throughout the world for its unique designs and remarkable artisanship.The translucent stripes and bands of agates, the rich opaque green and brown of fine-grained jasper, the plant like forms of moss agate, the green and red pattern of bloodstone, the rich translucent orange-red of carnelian and apple-green of chrysoprase, and the opaque black of onyx are all faces of the versatile quartz gem. Roberto Coin encompasses Chalcedony in some of its designs, ion.mulloysjewelry.com carries their full collection. Mulloysjewelry.com knowledgeable Graduate Gemologists are always available to answer any questions about Chalcedony.
The citrine is a gold tone stone, named from the French word for lemon, “citron” since citrine has a lemon color. In ancient times, citrine was carried as a protection against snake venom and evil thoughts. Citrine can brighten almost any jewelry style, blending especially well with the yellow polished gold. Marco Bicego, one of Mulloysjewelry.com’s top selling brands of designer jewelry, uses Citrines in many of its collections, including Paradise and Jaipur.
Citrine is the alternate birthstone for November. Brazil and Zambia is the primary source of this particular gemstone. Mulloysjewelry.com knowledgeable Graduate Gemologists are always available to answer any questions about Aquamarines.
A semi-translucent to opaque gemstone, coral is formed from a colony of marine invertebrates and primarily made of calcium carbonate. White is the most common color in coral, but a variety of other shades can be found, including pink, orange, red and black. The rarest color is a deep red. Jude Frances uses coral in their Florentine cuff bracelet with 18k gold and diamonds in their Couture Collection, mulloysjewelry.com carries the entire collection. Mulloysjewelry.com knowledgeable Graduate Gemologists are always available to answer any questions about Coral or how to care for your coral jewelry.
The Diamond is celebrated for its brilliance. Diamond jewelry has been a huge party of the jewelry industry for centuries. Diamond comes from the ancient Greek word ?d?µa? – adámas, meaning “unbreakable,” “proper,” or “unalterable”) . Being one of the best-known and most sought-after gemstones, diamonds have been known to mankind and used as decorative items since ancient times. Some of the earliest references to diamonds can be traced to India.
The extreme hardness of diamonds and their high dispersion of light give them the characteristic “fire” – which makes them highly desirable when used as jewelry Diamonds are such a highly traded commodity that multiple organizations have been created for grading and certifying them based on the four Cs, which are carat, cut, color, and clarity. The most popular use of the diamond in jewelry is in engagement rings.
From the Gemological Institute of America: When viewed by the trained eye under 10x magnification and proper lighting.
Fl (Flawless) Rarely used in jewelry. Usually kept in safes for investment purposes. IF (Internally Flawless) No inclusions, may have insignificant surface blemishes which may be polished out. Vvs-1 – Vvs-2 (Very,very slightly included) Minor inclusions that are very difficult to see. Vs-1 (Very slightly included) Minor inclusions that are difficult to see by a lay person under magnification. Professionals have difficulty seeing the inclusions. Vs-2 (Very slightly included) Same classification as Vs-1 but the inclusions are easier to see or are more numerous. SI-1 (Slightly included) Noticable inclusions. Still is an excellent stone. Difficult to see any inclusions with the unaided eye. SI-2 – SI-3 (Slightly included) Sometimes the inclusions are visible from the bottom looking up but not usually visible from the top down. Exceptions would be with large diamonds or with Emerald cuts. The inclusions do not affect the durability of the diamond. I-1 (Inclusions) Inclusions are barely visible through the top (Crown) with the unaided eye. This can be a good choice for people on a limited budget. I-2 The inclusions are plainly visible. The brilliance and duarability of the diamond is affected. The grade commonly used by non – certified discount jewelers and discount jewelry. I-3 Not used for jewelry. Has a shattered or milky look.
D/E/F – Colorless-Are the most expensive diamonds – Rare/hard to get by most jewelers. G/H/I/J – Near colorless- The color inclusion, especially at the G-H level is so slight that most people cannot tell the difference. When these diamonds are mounted in jewelry, even expert graders may find it impossible to distinguish them from the colorless diamonds. I and J grades are most often used by mall type jewelers. It is popular because of cost and ease of purchase in quantity. K/L/M -Faint yellow tinge. Mostly used in discount jewelry. N to Z-Very light to light yellow – you should have to pay considerably less for such color grades. A Q color stone should cost ten times less than a comparable D color stone. Mulloysjewelry.com carries a wide variety of diamond engagement rings, by such popular designers as JB Starr, Christopher Designs, Scott Kay, Precision Set, and many more. Mulloysjewelry.com has a full staff of Graduate Gemologists ready to educate you on all aspects of diamonds, and help you select the perfect stone for your engagement ring.
Emerald symbolizes rebirth and the abundance of the life force. The rich green color of the Emerald represents the regeneration of life in spring and hope of new possibilities. Emerald is the birthstone for May. Emeralds can be cut in a variety of different shapes, ranging from the traditional rectangular step-cut, known as the “emerald cut,” to rounds, ovals, squares and cabochons. Mulloysjewelry.com carries the highest quality in fine Emerald Gemstone jewelry.
The ancient Egyptians mined emeralds nearly 4,000 years ago, and Cleopatra was an avid collector. Believed by the ancients to empower the owner with foresight into the future, emerald is regarded as an amulet for good fortune
Today, most of the world’s emeralds are mined in Colombia, Brazil and Zambia. Although emerald itself is quite durable, the inclusions in them may make them vulnerable to damage if not handled carefully. Mulloysjewelry.com has a full staff of Graduate Gemologists ready to educate you on all aspects of Emeralds.
The garnet comes in a rainbow of colors, from the the most popular deep red Bohemian Garnet, to the greens of the Russian demantoid and African tsavorite. They also come in oranges and browns of spessartite and hessonite. Garnet got its name from the ancient Greeks because the color was resistant of the “granatum,” or pomegranate seed.
One popular designer, Konstentino, a Greek made line of designer jewelry is often adorned with garnets, and Mulloysfinejewelry.com carries their full line. Konstantino jewelry from Greece is known throughout the world for its unique designs and remarkable artisanship. Marco Bicego, also encompasses garnets in the Jaipur and Paradise designs.
Garnet is the traditional birthstone for the month of January. Most commonly found in round, oval, and cushion cuts. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer your gemstone questions.
The name is from the Greek “los”, meaning violet. It is a rich violet blue color, and is cut into traditional gemstone shapes. Iololite is mined in India, Sri Lanka, Africa and Brazil. Konstentino, a Greek made line of designer jewelry classic color designs uses iolites, and Mulloysfinejewelry.com carries their full line.
Iolite is relatively hard, with a Mohs Hardness of 7 to 7.5, but should be protected from blows. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer your gemstone questions.
The name lapis lazuli is comes from two languages. From the Latin, lapis means stone. From the Arabic, azul means blue. Lapis lazuli is somewhat porous and not a very hard stone. Konstentino, a Greek made line of designer jewelry classic color designs are set with Lapis, and Mulloysfinejewelry.com carries their full line.
Lapis lazuli is still mined at the deposits of the ancient world in Afghanistan. Today lapis lazuli is also mined in Chile. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer your gemstone questions.
This appealing gem variety does shine with a cool lunar light but it is the mineral feldspar, quite terrestrial in origin. The shimmer is caused by the intergrowth of two different types of feldspar, with different refractive indexes. Moonstones are usually cut in a smooth-domed oval cabochon shape to maximize the effect. Sometimes they are carved to show a man-in-the-moon face. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer your gemstone questions.
The name comes from the Greek word onux , which means fingernail. According to Roman Mythology, Cupid cut the divine fingernails of Venus with an arrowhead while she was sleeping. The fates turned the clippings into stone so that no part of the goddess would ever perish.Even in Roman times, the black color of onyx was usually enhanced by man. Onyx has a hardness of 7 and enviable toughness even when carved in intricate designs. Konstentino, a Greek made line of designer jewelry Nykta Collection designs are set with Onyx, and Mulloysfinejewelry.com carries their full line. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer your gemstone questions
Revered as a symbol of hope, fidelity, and purity, opal was named the Queen of Gems by the ancient Romans because it contained the colors of all other gems. Opal is adorned for its unique array of color, the ability to diffract light into flashes of rainbow color.
Opal occurs in different colors, ranging from semi-transparent to opaque. The most common is white opal. The most valuable variety, black opal, has a dark blue, gray, or black body color. Opal, along with tourmaline, is the birthstone for October and the suggested gift for the fourteenth anniversary. Mulloysjewelry.com carries a large variety of opal jewelry.
Opals come primarily from Australia, Mexico and the United States. Most opals are not faceted but are cut into rounded or free-form cabochons that enhance their play of color. Opal is softer than many other gemstones and should be cared for and stored delicately to avoid being scratched by other jewelry. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer your gemstone questions.
Pearls have been treasured for their lustrous, creamy texture and subtle iridescent reflections since the dawn of humankind.
Pearls are unique in the world of colored gemstones since they are the only gemstone formed within a living creature. Because natural pearls are so rare and difficult to recover from the ocean’s depths, man invented the technique of culturing salt and freshwater pearls from mollusks carefully seeded with irritants similar to those produced by nature. Today, cultured pearls are grown and harvested in many parts of the world including the fresh waters of the Tennessee River. The majority of cultured pearls come from Japan, China and the South Pacific.
Cultured pearls come in many colors including: gold, yellow, champagne, pink, peach, lavender, gray and black. Honora, a leading pearl jewelry manufacturer, carries a large variety of pearl jewelry, Mulloysjewelry.com carries their full line. Marco bicego encompasses pearls in their Paradise collection, also features on Mulloysjewelry.com" Pearls have 5 properties that are used to judge their quality and will affect their price.
Luster: Luster is the amount of light reflected from the pearl’s surface. The finer the pearl the more of a ‘rainbow’ of color will be reflected.
Size: Large pearls are more difficult to cultivate. Sea pearl generally ranges from 3.5mm to 10mm in size. South Sea (White, Golden, or Black) pearl sizes begin at 10mm and can be as large as 18mm.
Shape: round pearls are the rarest and most valuable, but other shapes like tear drop and baroque are also favored because of their uniqueness. Color: It is always important to find a color that is rich and evenly distributed on the pearl. Pearls require special care because they contain calcareous crystals that are sensitive to chemicals and acids. To care for your cultured pearls, avoid using perfume, hairspray, abrasives, solvents, and nail polish removers while wearing them. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer any questions you may have about pearls.
The fresh lime green of peridot is its distinctive signature. Its spring green color also is ideal with sky blue. Peridot is treasured in Hawaii as the goddess Pele’s tears.
Today most peridot is mined, often by hand, by Native Americans on the San Carlos Reservation in Arizona. Fine large peridot are found in Burma and peridot is also mined in China. Marco Bicego Paradise and Jaipur Collections encompass peridot in their mix of gemstones, available at Mulloysjewelry.com.
Peridot is the the birthstone for August. It is harder than metal but softer than many gemstones. Peridot is sensitive to rapid changes in temperature, so never have it steam cleaned and avoid ultrasonics. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer any questions you may have about peridot.
This is one of the most sought after gemstones, and comes in a range of red hues, from purplish and bluish red to orangish red. Rubies have often been the prized possession of emperors and kings throughout the ages. It was believed wearing a fine red ruby bestowed good fortune on its owner.
Ruby is mined throughout Southeast Asia. While Thailand and Myanmar (Burma) produce exquisite stones. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer any questions you may have about rubies.
The ancient Persian rulers believed that the earth rested on a giant sapphire and its reflection colored the heavens blue. The name in Latin, “Sapphiru,” means blue.
A gift of a sapphire symbolizes a pledge of trust and loyalty. It is from this tradition that sapphire has long been a popular choice for engagement rings. Saphires and rubies are one of Nature’s most durable gemstones. Marco Bicego uses sapphires in its many of their latest designs, mulloysjewelry.com carries the full line.
Sapphire is found in many parts of the world, but the most prized sapphires are from Myanmar (Burma), Kashmir and Sri Lanka. The purer the blue of the sapphire, the greater the price of the gemstone. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer any questions you may have about Sapphires.
Spinel Centuries ago, in Sanskrit writings, spinel was called the daughter of ruby, adored, yet somehow different. Jude Frances has recently introduced a silver jewelry line encompassing black spinels. Mulloysjewelry.com carries Jude Frances full line.
Mostly found in Myanmar (Burma) and Sri Lanka, spinel comes in a variety of colors including oranges, pinks, blues, lavenders, mauves and vivid reds. Spinel is a durable gemstone that is perfect for all jewelry uses. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer any questions you may have about Spinels.
Tanzanite is an exotic, vivid blue, kissed by purple hues, Tanzanite has the beauty, rarity and durability to rival any gemstone. Tanzanite is mined only in Tanzania at the feet of the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro. Marco Bicego uses tanzanites in their paradise collection, mulloysjewelry.com carries the full line.
Tanzanite occurs in a variety of shapes and sizes and also provides an assortment of color tones. Tanzanite will almost always display overtones of purple. In smaller sizes, tanzanite tends toward the lighter tones and the lavender color is more common. While in larger sizes, tanzanite typically displays deeper, richer color. Mulloysjewelry.com’s Graduate Gemologists are always ready to answer any questions you may have about Tanzanites.
The Egyptians said that topaz was colored with the golden glow of the sun god. Topaz comes in an amber gold or a blush peach color, and warm browns and oranges in between. Some rare and exceptional Topaz are a pale pink to a sherry red. The Ipolita collection uses some exceptional examples of large Blue Topaz.
Topaz is generally found in Brazil, Mexico, Sri Lanka, Africa and China. It is the birthstone for November.
Blue, is the most common color today, due to an enhancement process that turns colorless topaz blue. After the topaz is extracted from the earth and cut, it is irradiated to brown and then heated to sky blue. The enhancement process is permanent. Topaz is a very hard gemstone, with a Mohs hardness of 8. Mulloysjewelry.com knowledgeable Graduate Gemologists are always available to answer any questions about Topaz stones.
Vibrant reds and hot pinks (known as rubellites), greens and blues are the colors in this gem variety. Earth tones are also part of this gems varieties. Tourmaline comes in a wide range of colors, but it also combines the colors in a single gemstone called “bi-color” tourmaline. One color combination with a pink center and a green outer rim is called “watermelon” tourmaline, and is cut in thin slices similar to its namesake. Marco Bicego uses tourmalines in their paradise and Jaipur collections, mulloysjewelry.com carries the full line. Mulloysjewelry.com knowledgeable Graduate Gemologists are always available to answer any questions about Tourmaline stones.
Turquoise is one of the oldest known gemstones and it has been mined since 3,200 BC. This gemstone has been associated with healing powers, promoting status and wealth, protection from evil, and brings good luck to its wearer.
Turquoise is an opaque, light to dark blue or blue-green gem. The most sought after color is an intense blue. Turquoise often contains narrow veins of other materials, either by themselves or as a network and they are usually black, brown, or yellowish-brown in color. Turquoise is a porous gemstone, and can absorb anything it touches. Jude Frances uses turquoise in their Florentine cuff bracelet with 18k gold and diamonds in their Couture Collection, mulloysjewelry.com carries the entire collection. Mulloysjewelry.com knowledgeable Graduate Gemologists are always available to answer any questions about turquoise.
The fiery, brilliance of zircon can rival any gemstone. The Zircon is an affordable gemstone, and its vibrant greens, sky blues, and pleasing earth tones contributes to its growing popularity.
Zircon is mined in Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Thailand, and other countries. It can be colorless, green, blue, yellow, brown, orange, dark red, it is a popular gem. Mulloysjewelry.com knowledgeable Graduate Gemologists are always available to answer any questions about zircons.
March-Aquamarine or Bloodstone
June-Pearl, Moonstone or Alexandrite
October-Opal or Tourmaline
November -Topaz or Citrine
December -Turquoise, Zircon or Tanzanite
If you don’t like your birthstone color don’t worry. Color is what gemstones are all about. The gemstone you select should be the color that you like. Many birthstones come in a variety of tones and colors. Mulloysjewelry.com knowledgeable Graduate Gemologists are always available to help you select a piece of jewelry with your birthstone.